EVM for Deworming in the ruminants for sustainable health



Many farmers and livestock owners throughout the world depend on traditional health care practices to keep their animal healthy. EVM provides valuable alternatives to modern medicines and complements towestern style veterinary medicines. This tradition of veterinary medicine exist in India since Mahabharata,acupuncture and herbal medicine in China and Tibetan veterinary medicine. These traditions have written records that go back thousands of years.

It is observed that women preferred traditional remedies and were more knowledge than men about household medicines for routine diseases. Men were found of greater knowledge on surgical conditions like bone fracture, snake bite, dysentery, diorrhoea, etc. than woman. In some parts of India animal rearing communities like Dhangar and Kurumas have more knowledge about ethno-veterinary remedies than other groups. Similarly tribal farmers who live in forested area have abundant knowledge of medicinal plants on traditional treatments.

Livestock are suffered from two types of parasitic diseases, a) Endoparasites and b) Ectoparasites. Endo-parasites further classified into Round worms, Tape worms and Flukes. The transmission of above parasites in cattle through ingestion of eggs or infective larvae, mites and contaminated pasture and drinking water. To avoid infection and control severity of disease, livestock deworming is only simple way. Documentation of deworming plants was carried out in Bhor region and other regions. Local or tribal people use Daucuscarota L. (Root), Azadirachtaindica A. Juss (Leaves) , Punicagranatum L.(Bark), Carica papaya L. (Seeds) and Areca catechu L. ( Fruit powder). Some of them are very effective in animal health care by appropriate doses are presented in this paper.

Key words

: Deworming, herbal remedies.

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