This study is an attempt to understand the diverse tourism opportunities present in our country and the various ways to increase our nation*s income from tourism without hampering the ecological balance. In India, eco-tourism is still at a nascent stage but the potential is vast. India is a land of diverse geography and culture. Its topography boasts a varied range of flora and fauna. It is home to numerous rare and endangered species. There are currently about80 national parks and 441 sanctuaries in India. Numerous botanical and zoologicalgardens are working towards the enhancement of the ecosystem. Poaching has beencurbed to a large extent. There are severe punishments for poachers, hunters andillegal traders of flora and fauna. Several organizations work for the protection of thenatural and cultural resources. Thenmala in Kerala was the first planned eco-tourismdestination in India. There are also determined efforts to save the vulnerableHimalayan ecosystem as well as the heritage of its indigenous people. Resorts tuckeddeep within the jungles of Karnataka, the house-boats of Kerala and the variedwildlife of Assam all combine to make India one of the most diverse eco-tourismdestinations on the planet.The hypothesis that was considered: Newer biodiversity rich areas, under Protected Area status or otherwise, are being rapidly opened for ecotourism. In the absence of coherent policy, regulation and guidelines, current form of ecotourism has impacted biodiversity; lives and governance systems of communities. This has resulted in loss of rights and benefits arising from use of biological resources to communities.


: Ecotourism, Government, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand

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